Игра-путешествие в мир деревьев, What kind of tree are you : Иностранные языки
THEME: WHAT KIND OF TREE ARE YOU?
Цель: Содействие наиболее полному удовлетворению познавательных и творческих и духовных потребностей учеников, через знакомство с деревьями, как жизненной формой растительности и культурой друидов.
Познавательный аспект: Целостное и комплексное восприятие природы как живой единой неотъемлемой от человека системы “Человек и природа”. Учебный аспект: провести практику монологической речи и чтения, изучить лексику по темам “Деревья”, “Черты характера”.
Развивающий аспект: Развивать память, беглость и гибкость речи.
Воспитательный аспект: Прививать учащимся чувство любви и бережного отношения к окружающей среде, формирование нравственных качеств.
Данный сценарий можно использовать на кружковых занятиях как дополнительный материал на экологические темы с уровнем языковой подготовки учащихся 7-8-ых классов образовательной школы.
Active Vocabulary: Fir-tree, elm, cypress, poplar, cedar, pine, weeping willow, lime, oak, olive, rowan, walnut, maple, hazel, jasmine, chestnut, ash, hornbeam, fig, birch, beech.
Attractive, sensitive, lively, ambitious, egoistic, reliable, emotional, capable, creative, to be keen on, to keep fit, splendid, gentle, modest, confidence, optimistic, determined, impatient, self-confident, shy, honest, noble, tactful, quick-tempered, unruly, careless, generous, to tend, stubborn, industrious, selfish, extravagant, tolerant, reasonable, disciplined, affectionate, imaginative, reserved, witty, courageous, conservative, balanced, calm, to look down, thoughtful, passionate, aggressive, capricious, demanding.
Оборудование: карточки на английском и русском языках, коллекция –гербарий листьев деревьев (тополь, дуб, берёза, ива, рябина, клён, орешник, яблоня, веточки ели, сосны, кедра).
1. Teacher: Good afternoon, boys and girls. Glad to see you. Take your seats, please. The theme of today’s trip is Nature Study, Trees. The more we study the Natural World the more we study ourselves. First of all let’s remember what a tree is.
Pupil 1: In the dictionary we can find such definition. A tree is a plant, which has a trunk, branches and leaves. A tree lives longer than any other plant. Look at the picture of the tree and you will see. The body of the tree is called its trunk. Many branches grow from the trunk. Some of them go up into the air, some go down into the ground. They are called roots. A tree eats and drinks with its roots, and breathes through the leaves.
Pupil 2: In winter most trees have no leaves. They have little brown buds. When the warm sun comes in spring, these buds open and the leaves come out of them.
Teacher: There are many kinds of trees. Do you remember them? Look at this box. There are different kinds of leaves in it. Try to guess the tree. What is it?
Pupil 3: This is the leaf from the Oak-tree. (Nut-tree, Apple-tree, Poplar, Willow, Birch, Lime, Maple, Rowan).
Teacher: There are a few branches in the box. Look at them. They have no leaves, they have thin needles. Some needles are long, others are short. Will you guess the trees.
Pupil 4: We call them evergreen trees, because Fir-trees, Pine-trees and Cedars are green in summer and in winter. This branch is from the Fir-tree, because the needles are short and they grow separately one from another. That branch is from the Pine-tree, because its needles are long and grow together 2 needles in one bunch. The Cedar branch has long needles, 5 needles in one bunch.
Teacher: Good. Thanks. Now you will read the text and then you will answer the question. (Вопрос написан на доске). Why some trees are evergreen?
Why Some Trees Are Evergreen
The cold days of winter had come, but one little bird could not go with the other birds to the warm south. His wing was broken. And now he was alone in the cold world of frost and snow.
“The forest looks warm,” thought the little bird. ‘‘I shall ask one of the trees if I can live in its branches till spring.’’ So the little bird hopped along till it came to a beautiful birch-tree.
‘’Beautiful Birch-Tree”, said the little bird, “my wing is broken. May I live in your branches?’’
“No, no, Little Bird, I am sorry for you, but I am not very strong,” said the birch-tree.
“Well, the oak-tree is bigger and stronger,” thought the little bird. “I shall ask the oak to help me.” And the little bird hopped to the oak.
“Big Oak,” said the little bird, “you are so strong. My wing is broken. I could not fly away with my friends. May I live in your branches till spring-time?”
“Till spring-time?’’ said the oak. “That is a long time. I have to think of my acorns. I am sorry, but I can’t help you.”
“Maybe the willow will be kinder to me,” thought the little bird. “I shall go and ask her.”
The little bird hopped along till he came to the willow. “Kind Willow,” said the little bird. “My wing is broken. I could not fly away with the other birds. So I am alone. May I stay with you till spring?’’ “I am sorry for you, poor Little Bird,” said the willow. “But I must rest in the winter. I can’t help you. Maybe some other tree can do so.”
At that moment the little bird heard a voice, “Come to me, Little Bird. You may stay with me all winter. Here is the branch where my leaves are thickest.”
It was the fir-tree. A pine-tree stood nearby. It heard the bird’s story too. So the pine-tree said, “I shall help you to keep warm when the North wind comes, poor Little Bird.”
Soon the North wind began to blow and the birch-tree, the oak and the willow stood bare. All their leaves were on the ground. But the North wind did not blow the leaves off the fir- and the pine-trees. They were kind to the little bird. And since that time all the pine- and fir-trees are evergreen. They keep their green leaves all winter.
Teacher: Now answer the question.
Pupil 5: The pine- and fir- trees are evergreen, because they were kind to the little bird and the North wind didn’t blow the leaves off them. They keep their green leaves in summer and in winter.
Teacher: Very good. Thank you. Now let’s work in-groups. The first group we’ll call ‘’Roots’’, the other will be “Leaves’’ and the third group we call “Branches’’. Every team should find the names of the trees in Word Search. Who will be the quickest?
OLIVE ASH CHESTNUT WILLOW PINE
BIRCH OAK HORNBEAM POPLAR BEECH
HAZEL ELM ROWAN WALNUT CEDAR
MAPLE FIG JASMINE LIME
W I L L O W R B O J
F I G O H A Z E L A
A B M A P L E E I S
C I A K F N Q C V M
P R S C W U Z H E I
O C H E S T N U T N
P H S D V C L I M E
L E R A P I N E A B
A L Y R O W A N I D
R M H O R N B E A M
Teacher: Thank you. The winner is “Roots”. They find more words. Now
will you guess the tree. Fill in the gaps in the text with one of
the four choices given below.
The _1_tree is a large and strong tree with pretty _2_ of bright green colour. The acorn is the fruit of the _1_ tree. You think this very strange, because you do not eat acorns. But in some countries acorns are very big and sweet, and the people who live in those countries _3_them. In autumn all the acorns are _4_. When the first frost comes, they fall from the tree to the _5_. What becomes of them then?
Squirrels carry away some of them to the nests. Some other animals eat them. Other acorns lie on the ground under the _6_ .
An acorn is warm there till spring comes. Then little roots grow from it and soon there is a little _1_ tree. It will grow larger and larger every year. But it will grow slowly. After a long time it will be a very tall _1_, with hundreds of _7_ and leaves. It may live very long, for hundreds of years.
When an _1_ tree is sawn, you can see many rings on its trunk. Every year a new ring of wood grows outside the others. If you count these _8_, you can tell the age of the tree.
The wood of the _1_ tree is very hard. Ships, chairs, cupboard, floors and many other things are made of _1_.
1. a) apple b) fir c) oak d) pine
2. a) leaves b) roots c) cones d) branches
3. a) drink b) eat c) grow d) count
4. a) green b) fresh c) ripe d) strong
5. a) branches b) trunk c) ground d) leaves
6. a) leaves b) cones c) needles d) branches
7. a) cones b) needles c) trunks d) branches
8. a) branches b) rings c) leaves d) trunks
Teacher: Thanks. The winner is ‘’Leaves’’. This team was the quickest.
According to the druid horoscope each one of us was born under
a special tree. They say that having your tree somewhere close
by can help you a lot. When you are tired, or don’t feel well, or
have some problems – go to your tree, touch it, sit or stand under
it for some time and you’ll feel better. If you don’t happen to have
an olive or fig tree in your garden, any tree will do.
Oak is particularly recommended for giving strength and confi-
dence. In general you can be sure that a walk in a forest or a
park will do you good whether you believe in the magic power of
trees or not.
Find your birthday in the list of paper in front of you, to learn
what your tree is and read about your personality.
Dec 24 to Jan 2 –Jun 23 to Jul 2 – Apple Tree (Яблоня)
Jan 3 to Jan 12 – Jul 3 to Jul 12 – Fir Tree (Ель)
Jan 13 to Jan 21 – Jul 13 to Jul 22 – Elm tree (Вяз)
Jan 22 to Feb 1 – Jul 23 to Aug 1 – Cypress (Кипарис)
Feb 2 to Feb 10 – Aug 2 to Aug 11 – Poplar (Тополь)
Feb 11 to Feb 20 – Aug 12 to Aug 21 – Cedar (Кедр)
Feb 21 to Mar 1 – Aug 22 to Sept 1 – Pine (Сосна)
Mar 2 to Mar 11 – Sept 2 to Sept 11 – Weeping Willow (Плакучая Ива)
Mar 12 to Mar 21 – Sept 12 to Sept 21 – Lime (Липа)
Mar 22 to 23 – Oak (Дуб)
Mar 24 to Mar 31 – Sept 24 to Oct 3 – Walnut Tree (Грецкий Орех)
Apr 1 to Apr 10 – Oct 4 to Oct 13 – Rowan (Рябина)
Apr 11 to Apr 20 – Oct 14 to Oct 23 – Maple (Клён)
Apr 21 to Apr 30 – Oct 24 to Nov 2 – Hazelnut Tree (Орешник)
May 1 to May 10 – Nov 3 to Nov 12 – Jasmine (Жасмин)
May 11 to May 20 – Nov 13 to Nov 22 – Chestnut (Каштан)
May 21 to May 31 – Nov 23 to Dec 2 – Ash Tree (Ясень)
Jun 1 to Jun 10 – Dec 3 to Dec 12 – Hornbeam Tree (Граб)
Jun 11 to Jun 20 – Dec 13 to Dec 22 – Fig Tree (Инжир)
Jun 21 to 22 – Birch Tree (Берёза)
Dec 22 to 23 Beech Tree (Бук)
Sept 22 to 23 Olive Tree (Олива)
The information is given in the cards.
I am Apple Tree. I am attractive, pleasant and sensitive. I do not worry over small, everyday problems. I take life as it is.
I am Ash Tree. I am lively, intelligent, talented and very ambitious. I love risk, very reliable, emotional and capable of great love.
I am Beech Tree. I have good taste, I like to look well. I am creative and keen on keeping fit.
I am Birch Tree. I have lively imagination and excellent taste. I am gentle, attractive, elegant, and modest and I love quiet life.
I am Cedar. I like luxury and always want to impress others. I am optimistic, determined, impatient and self-confident.
I am Chestnut Tree. I am honest, intelligent, noble and very tactful. I can be very successful if I overcome my shyness and lack of self – confidence.
I am Cypress. I am strong, happy, optimistic and ambitious. I love company and hate loneliness. Sometimes I can be quick-tempered, unruly and careless.
I am Elm Tree. I am cheerful, generous, practical and elegant. I like to be a leader. I tend to make decisions for others.
I am Fig Tree. I am independent, very sensible and have a good sense of humour. I know how to enjoy life, I love my family, children and pets. Usually I prefer idleness to hard work.
I am Fir Tree. I am intelligent, very ambitious, talented, stubborn, industrious and reliable. I have many friends and many enemies.
I am Hazelnut Tree. I am extravagant, charming and popular. I know how to make impression on others.
I am Hornbeam. I am practical, honest, intelligent, reasonable and disciplined. I tend to mistrust other people and I am never sure of my own decisions.
I am Jasmine. I am affectionate, creative, sensitive, elegant, artistic, imaginative and talented.
I am Lime. I am attractive, witty, modest, shy, imaginative. I hate fighting, stress and hard work. I am talented but lazy.
I am Maple. I am shy, reserved, but at the same time ambitious and proud. I have a good memory and learn easily.
I am Oak. I am noble, courageous, independent and sensible. I do not like changes. I am rather conservative and practical, I keep my feet on the ground. I am a man of action.
I am Olive. I love sun, warmth and kind feelings. I am balanced, reasonable, free of jealousy, tolerant, cheerful and calm. I avoid aggression and violence.
I am Pine. I love nice company and comfort. I am very active, proud and tend to look down on others.
I am Poplar. I am an artistic nature, intelligent, reliable, thoughtful, witty, attractive and elegant but I am shy and need encouragement.
I am Rowan. I am cheerful, talented, artistic, passionate. I like to be in the centre of events. I love activity, adventures, risk and even problems and complications.
I am Walnut. I am strong, imaginative and full of contrasts. I can be egoistic, aggressive, jealous and at the same time noble and generous.
I am Weeping Willow. I am very attractive, imaginative, artistic, gentle, kind but full of melancholy.
Teacher : Thank you. Now you know what kind of tree you are. Draw your tree, please as you can. If you can’t draw your tree, I’ll show you the picture of this tree from the encyclopedia.
Well done. Thank you very much. Let’s finish our trip reading the poem “Man is made” –From New Headway Intermediate Workbook, p.15
Try to translate this poem at home.
We are really one with nature. The feeling of being one with the world is very ancient. It is expressed in many old books and myths of different countries. From the druid’s culture we can see it.
A MAN IS MADE
A man is made of flesh and blood
Of eyes and bones and water
The very same things make his son
As those that make his daughter.
A tree is made of leaf and sap
Of bark and fruit and berries.
It keeps a bird’s nest in its boughs
And blackbirds eat the cherries.
A table’s made of naked wood
Planed smooth as milk. I wonder
If tables ever dream of sun,
Of wind, and rain, and thunder?
And when man takes his axe and strikes
And sets the sawdust flying –
Is it a table being born?
Or just a tree that’s dying?
Teacher: We tend to imagine that ancient people were “environmentally friendly” and lived in harmony with nature. A great English writer John Golsworthy gave the wise advice “If you don’t think about the future, you will not have it.” I thank all pupils for the interesting trip in the world of trees. Let everybody remember: we live only once and not a very long life.
By Olga Kochneva,
Children’s Creative Centre
ИЯШ N3 1991г. “Nature study” стр. 100, Москва, Просвещение.
SPEAK OUT N3 2003г. “Horoscope” стр. 16-17 Глосса- Пресс.
© Блог Хелси и Смарт / Школа и школьники