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Использование аутентичных языковых материалов по теме "Природа Австралии"на уроках английского языка : Иностранные языки

   Использование аутентичных языковых материалов позволяет значительно расширить возможности практического овладения языком. Работу над такими материалами целесообразно проводить комплексно, охватывая основные аспекты работы над языковым материалом: чтение, аудирование, лексическую работу, работу над грамматикой, практическое использование языка, то есть изучать аутентичный материал в рамках комплексной технологической системы обучения ( multi-media system).

I. Reading

  1. Read the text and try to guess: where has this text come from?
    1. A leaflet about a guided tour?
    2. A book about one of the greatest cities in Australia?
    3. A geography book?

Nature at our Doorstep

    Sydney is Australia’s largest city, with over four million residents. It covers more than1500 square kilometers – one of the largest city areas in the world. From the famous beaches to the distant Blue Mountains, Sydney’s suburbs spread out in a network of houses, roads, shopping centers and office blocks. But if you look at a satellite photo of this booming metropolis, the dominant colour is green.
    National parks have much to do with this. From any high point in the city you’ll see them – large areas of protected bushland, enveloping and giving life to Sydney. Even in the metropolitan area, national parks can be found in many places – beside the rivers, among the houses, around the harbour. The largest wilderness area in New South Wales – in Wollemi National Park – begins barely 70 kilometres from the CBD.
    Sydney’s environmental wealth is no accident. It’s the legacy of more than a century of conservation efforts by concerned citizens, conservation groups and the state government. Since the creation of Royal National Park – the world’s second national park – in 1879, Sydney’s parks and reserves have been growing in number. They are now part of a large network of some 500 protected areas across New South Wales, working towards the conservation of the state’s amazing natural diversity.
   Managed by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney’s national parks exist for a variety of reasons. They give Sydneysiders a chance to relax and enjoy themselves in the great outdoors. They provide habitat for the countless animals and plant species that are native to the region. And they protect Sydney’s cultural heritage – Aboriginal sites, colonial relics, and monuments of the often troubled history that Aboriginal and non – Aboriginal people share.
    If you’re in Sydney for the Olympics and Paralympics, you won’t be getting into the spirit of these Games without a visit to a national park. Of course there are many other parks to experience throughout NSW. They include the World Heritage-listed rainforests of the north coast, the red desert landscapes of the far west, and the fragile alpine herbfields of the Snowy Mountains. If you are interested in traveling beyond Sydney to discover more of the state’s huge variety of landscapes, we can help you plan a more extensive trip. Welcome to the sandstone, water and bushland that lie at the heart of this Olympic city!

   2.According to the text which of the following is true?

  1. the dominant color of the booming metropolis is
    1. green
    2. yellow
    3. brown
    4. black
  2. from any high point in the city you can see
    1. a network of houses, roads, shopping centers and office blocks
    2. large areas of protected bushland
    3. countless industrial sites
    4. historic defence installations
  3. there is a large network of
    1. 200 protected areas
    2. 100 protected areas
    3. 500 protected areas
  4. from any high point in the city you’ll see
    1. distant Blue Mountains
    2. large areas of protected bushland
    3. the Sydney Harbour
  5. NSW Parks include
    1. the World Heritage-listed rainforests of the north coast
    2. the red desert landscapes of the far west
    3. the fragile alpine herbfields of the Snowy Mountains

    3. Give the reasons for

  1. existence of conservation groups and their efforts to protect Sydney’s environmental wealth
  2. existence of Sydney’s national parks

    4. According to the text which two of the following statements are wrong? Find them.

      1. Sydney’s environmental wealth is an accident.
      2. The area of Sydney is one of the largest city areas in the world.
      3. Sydney’s parks give Sydneysiders a chance to relax and enjoy themselves.
      4. Since the creation of RNP the number of Sydney’s parks and reserves has remained the same.
      5. There is a large network of parks in NSW.

    5. Choose the information which was unknown to you.

II. Vocabulary drill

1. Match the words and expressions from the text with their definitions:

The population of a city or a town

To occupy a territory

Situated at some distance from a place

A number of objects situated in a certain way and connected with each other

Nature reserves protected by the government

An area where the natural habitat is preserved

A rich variety of plant and animal species

Groups of volunteers who aim at preserving the environment

A resident of Sydney

Rare things inherited from the times when Australia was a British colony

To feel the atmosphere

to get into the spirit

relics

residents

a network

protected bushland

to cover

wilderness area

environmental wealth

natural diversity

distant

a Sydneysider

conservation groups

2. Solve the crossword puzzle.

Down

      1. The word … means simply the world around us.

Across

      1. Sydney’s national parks … for a variety of reasons. (5 letters)
      2. Royal … Park – the world’s second national park. (8 letters)
      3. You won’t be getting into the spirit of these green Games without a …to a national park. (5 letters)
      4. It contains … on 52 parks and reserves. (11 letters)
      5. Sydney is Australia’s largest city, with over 4 million … (9 letters)
      6. Sydney suburbs spread … in a network of houses. (3 letters)
      7. The largest wilderness area in … South Wales begins 70 kilometers from the CBD. (3 letters)
      8. Even in the … area, national parks can be found in many places. (12 letters)
      9. They give Sydneysiders a chance to relax and … themselves.( 5 letters)
      10. They include the World Heritage-listed rainforests of the … coast. (5 letters)
      11. We can help you plan a more expensive … (4 letters)

III. LISTENING

You will hear a conversation between a tourist and a tourist office person. Why have many tourists from around the world always been eager to visit Sydney National Park? Say whether the statements below are true or false.

T-tourist    O.P.-office person

O.P.- Good morning. Welcome to Sydney Harbour National Park. You can enjoy spectacular views of the Harbour Bridge and Opera House from prominent headlands.
T: - Yes, I’d like to visit Harbour National Park and to see native plants and animals for a start.
O.P. - Great choice. Sydney Harbour National Park is a natural haven in the heart of a busy city. It protects precious remnants of the bushland that once covered the harbour foreshores.
T.- That sounds nice. I hope the wildlife is rich there.
O.P.- Sure. Long-nosed bandicoots, native water rats and even little penguins all live elsewhere in the park.
T.- I hope to see important cultural heritage.
O.P.- Yes, you will. Around 70 Aboriginal sites have been found in the park, from rock paintings to axe-grinding grooves. Some are many thousands of years old.
T.- I’ve heard the life of local Aboriginal people was tragic.
O.P- Yes it was. During the construction of Sydney, almost all local Aboriginal people were either forced out of the area, or killed by European diseases and guns. Besides, you can also explore many historic defense installations. I’m sure you’ll be amazed at what you find. 

  1. Sydney Harbour National Park is a natural haven in the heart of a busy city.
  2. Long-nosed bandicoots, water rats and little penguins can be found in the South America as well.
  3. You can find nearly 70 Aboriginal sites in the park.
  4. There still remain a lot of local people living in Sydney.
  5. You can explore many historic defense installations here.

IV. USE OF ENGLISH

Read the texts. Use the words given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.

GREEN AND GOLDEN BELL FROG

1. As its name suggests, the --- green and golden bell frog’s upper body is a jumble of vivid greens and almost --- golds. However its croak could be described as “ bell-like” - --- have likened it to the sound of a motorbike --- gears. This once widespread frog is now limited to a series of isolated --- population including one near the Sydney Olympic site in Homebush.

LITTLE PENGUIN

2. --- of all penguins, the little or fairy penguin grows to 45 cm tall. The only known colony of these ---- seabirds in mainland NSW is in a --- cove of Sydney Harbour near Manly.

WATER RAT

3.The television --- “Water Rats” may be set in Sydney Harbour but for years these handsome 30-cm native rodents were hard to find. The ---- of water quality in the harbour has --- to increases in the numbers of aquatic insects, fish and mollusks the rats feed on. In 1999 a ---population of water rats was ---- on Goat Island in Sydney Harbour National Park, providing a valued --- to be harbour’s biodiversity.

EASTERN GREY KANGAROO

4. When European --- first saw eastern grey kangaroos around Sydney many thought the joeys --- carried by their mothers had been born in the pouch. The real story is a little --- complicated. As with all marsupials, joeys are born --- and tiny. They must drag themselves through their mother’s fur and into her pouch, where they attach themselves to a teat and continue to grow.

YELLOW-BELLIED GLIDER

5 --- possums “ fly” from one tree to another on a sheet of skin which stretches between their forepaws and ankles, --- their long furry tails as rudders. The yellow-bellied glider best ---of the family can travel over 1000 metres in one leap.

SUPERB LYREBIRD

6. In the theatre of the forest floor, few can match the --- of the male superb lyrebird. Like all lyrebirds, he is able to mimic almost any sound --- other birds and animals, whistles and car alarms. However he also --- a spectacular visual display, with a lyre - ---- tail which he fans over his head to attract females.

SHORT-BEAKED ECHIDNA

7. Together with the platypus, echidnas are the --- only living monotremes, or egg – laying ---. The short-beaked echidna lives all over NSW, wherever termites – their main food source – can be ---. Their long, … snout is an amasingly sensitive organ, used to search for food and detect danger.

FRILL-NECKED LIZARD

8. Mascot of the Sydney Paralympics, the frill – --- lizard capable of scaring off even large --- with its fanned – out display. However the show is all bluff – like all other Australian lizards, this reptile is --- harmless.

endanger
metal,hard
listen
change
coast

 

small
flight
seclude

 

serie
improve
lead
health
discover
contribute

settle

be
many
develop

glide
use
fly

 

talent
include
boast
shape

 

world
mammal
find
hair

neck
predate
large

Fill in the table

name of the bird, animal                                     
habitat  
appearance  
characteristic features  

V. GRAMMAR

Match these tenses with the sentences below: Present Simple Active, Past Simple Active, Present Perfect Active, Present Perfect Passive, Future Simple Active .

  1. The short-beaked echidna lives all over NSW.
  2. The quality of water has lead to increases in number of aquatic insects.
  3. Nearly 70 Aboriginal sites have been found in the park.
  4. Almost all local Aboriginal people were forced out of the area.
  5. I’m sure you’ll be amazed at what you find.

Find the sentences with modal verbs and define their meaning.

VI. WRITING

This is an extract from a letter you have received from your pen friend :

…We’re doing a project at school about different Sydney Parks, Australia’s natural diversity, its birds and animals. Could you write me a short report about Australian wildlife to include in the project?
    Write as soon as you can.
    I wish you luck in your exams.

John.

VII. SAMPLE LETTER

    Australia’s plants and animals are special. Most of them occur nowhere else and our networks of protected areas are crucial for their long-term survival. Some protected areas can cope fairly easily with different types of human activities. However, the environments of others are more fragile, and their plant and animal populations can take a long time to recover even from the smallest amount of human interference.
    National parks are relatively large areas protected for their unspoiled landscapes and their native plants and animals. They are set aside for public education and recreation, and usually offer visitor facilities. Situated near large population centers, they offer open space and recreational and cultural opportunities for urban residents. Marine parks are unique and outstanding marine areas, set aside to conserve aquatic plants and animals. Historic sites can include buildings, objects, monuments or landscapes. They have national cultural importance, and are generally open to visitors.

Use of English: endangered, metallic, listeners, changing, coastal, smallest, flightless, secluded, series, improvement, lead, healthy, discovered, contribution, settlers, being, more, undeveloped, gliding, using, flyer, talents, including, boasts, shaped, world’s, mammals, found, hairless, necked, predators, largely.

Literature.

National parks and wildlife service. August 2000.

© Блог Димы Шпилера / Школа и школьники

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